A challenge that needs to be tackled globally. Micro fragments of plastic present not only in the seas, but also in the air.
What are microplastics?
Microplastics are millimetre-sized particles that are formed by the degradation of plastic material and have a much more devastating effect on the environment than we think.
However, it seems that the seas and oceans are not the only victims of micro-plastic pollution.
Used in production, industry and 3D printing, micro-plastics are present in consumer products such as synthetic textiles, toothpastes and cosmetics, with no clear indication of their long-term safety for human health.
These small particles are not removed by wastewater treatment and create problems in the environment.
As we well know, micro-plastics are found everywhere in the ocean and seas, on the coasts, on the ocean floor and on marine surfaces.
There is growing evidence that micro-plastics are distributed on the earth’s surface and in the air.
Wind plays a key role in the transport of microplastics through the streets of cities and remote areas of the Arctic Ocean, where ecosystems are already stressed by the effects of climate change.
Once there were only five continents (Europe, Asia, Africa, America, Antarctica and Oceania), now five more “continents” have been added to them.
Five large islands scattered around the seas of the world, all entirely made of plastic, for a total extension of about 15 million kilometres.